Drugs

A new study has found that people who reported higher amounts of stress, anxiety, and depression, were more likely to contract COVID-19.  Researchers set out to determine whether these factors were associated with the risk of COVID-19 infection. In addition, they also investigated whether these factors had any correlation with the severity of COVID-19 symptoms
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Neurodegenerative dementia is an umbrella term for neurodegenerative diseases that have the main clinical symptom of dementia. Alzheimer’s disease (AD), frontotemporal dementia (FTD), and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) are three such neurodegenerative dementia diseases. While people with Parkinson’s disease can develop dementia—it only happens when the protein aggregations spread into the cerebral cortex of
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A new study investigates the calorie content of food in chain restaurants following the implementation of calorie labels on menus.  In 2018, the United States government began enforcing a policy that requires larger chain restaurants to include calorie labels on their menus.  This includes any chain restaurant with more than 19 locations in the country, and
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The American Heart Association recently released their ‘2021 dietary guidance to improve cardiovascular health’.  Within the article, they covered ten features of a heart-healthy eating pattern, that emphasizes the importance of overall dietary pattern rather than individual foods or nutrients and underscores the critical role of nutrition in all stages of life. Instead of looking
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Study shows link between weight loss from bariatric surgery and COVID-19 severity. Entering 2022, worldwide COVID cases have topped the 290 million mark, with more than five million deaths (1). While new variants develop with lower mortality rates, the risk of severe COVID infection is still greater for some groups. Common risk factors include people
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An analysis of over 80 studies investigates the potential effectiveness of online therapy for depression in comparison to traditional, in-person sessions.  The current COVID-19 pandemic initiated changes to many industries, including the medical field.  When the pandemic first started, many private healthcare providers exchanged in-person office visits for remote appointments.  Given that COVID-19 is still a pressing
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With the emergence of new variants of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, there is some concern that vaccine induced immunity will not be as effective. There is some debate over whether or not COVID-19 vaccine boosters will make any difference. A study conducted in Israel set out to test whether booster shots with the Pfizer-BioNTech mRNA vaccine
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There has been concern surrounding the COVID-19 vaccine and rare cases of myocarditis in young adults and adolescents. A recent study, published in the journal Circulation, suggests that these rare cases generally have mild symptoms and a short recovery time.  The study, co-authored by paediatric cardiologist Dr. Dongngan T. Truong of the University of Utah, reported
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A new study from the Karolinska Institutet in Sweden has discovered pancreatic bacteria that may promote the growth of pancreatic cancer. These bacteria live in the pancreas as part of the pancreatic microbiome. Previous studies found that the pancreas fosters a microbiome of bacteria, like the microbiome found in the human gut.  Experts estimate that
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A new study investigates the effectiveness of a saliva test for detecting COVID-19 in children, which may be helpful in the school setting. Considering the reopening of schools, understanding and preventing COVID-19 transmission is particularly important.  At this point in time, the majority of young children are not yet vaccinated against COVID-19.1,2 Additionally, children that contract
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Sotrovimab – a treatment for COVID-19 – is an antibody therapy that has been created to attach to the spike protein of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. It is administered as an IV infusion, in one dose.  In pre-clinical animal studies, researchers confirmed that this antibody is able to bind to and ‘neutralize’ SARS-CoV-2. This means that
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Statistics from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) show that obesity affects more than 40% of American adults. Obesity leads to a significant increase in the risk of developing heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, and certain types of cancer.   The current obesity epidemic is considered to be largely driven by environmental factors.
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A study of 1000 patients and health care workers was conducted to compare transparent masks to standard masks when it comes to communication. It is thought that a transparent mask could help reduce miscommunication.1 As a part of widespread public health efforts to curb the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, mask wearing has become a
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A new study investigates the potential effects of low-quality sleep on brain development in early adolescence. It’s no secret that sleep is crucial for optimal health and well-being.  Many different functions occur during periods of sleep, and the body takes that time to repair, rest, and rejuvenate itself.1  Research shows that sleep may play an important role
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A new study investigates whether there are symptoms or warning signs associated with the development of pancreatic cancer.  Pancreatic cancer has one of the highest fatality rates out of all cancers, accounting for an estimated 331,000 deaths globally each year.1  In 2018, the highest age-standardized rates of pancreatic cancer were observed in Europe and North America,
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The effects of having to undergo cancer treatment as a child can have a substantial impact on physical and mental health. However, the specific lifelong burden remains unknown.1 A recent population study showed how the effects of receiving cancer treatments affected childhood cancer survivors later in life. This is the first study to use a
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Alzheimer’s disease is a degenerative disease of the brain. Alzheimer’s affects the brain’s synapses, which are where information flows from neuron to neuron (1). As it progresses, protein fragments, called beta amyloid, build up outside the neurons (1). Another protein, tau, builds up inside the neurons creating what is known as a tau tangle (1).
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A Western diet has been associated with a variety of negative health consequences, could chronic pain be the next?  Omega-6 fatty acids are typically high in Western high-fat diets, compared to omega-3 fatty acids. A diet high in omega-6 fatty acids has been linked with inflammation and disease.  A research group from The University of
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Adding spices and herbs not only adds flavour to your food but may also help improve 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure, according to a new study. Published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, the study shows that consuming a diet high in herbs and spices may benefit those with cardiometabolic diseases.1  Are herbs and spices healthy? 
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A recently published study has discovered that COVID-19 may infect the inner ear. The study provides a promising explanation for why some COVID-19 patients have hearing loss post-infection.  SARS-CoV-2 may target the cochlea The study, published in Nature’s Communications Medicine journal, studied why some people experience hearing loss, ringing of the ears – or “tinnitus”,
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A Finnish collaborative study investigates the association between standing and insulin sensitivity in adults with metabolic syndrome and an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas. It controls blood glucose levels and energy metabolism. Normal insulin function may be affected by several factors, such as genetics, sedentary
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The coronavirus disease began to spread around the world in 2019. COVID-19 is caused by a SARS-CoV-2 infection that affects the respiratory system.1 COVID-19 can cause asymptomatic or severe pneumonia, acute respiratory injury, or acute respiratory distress syndrome. These diseases caused 20% of COVID-19 patients to be hospitalized and under intensive care.1 The World Health
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Emotional dysregulation can be defined as the limited ability to initiate and regulate one’s emotional reaction and response in a manner that is consistent with the situation. It has also been noted that emotional dysregulation is a common feature of several different health and neurodevelopmental disorders such as ADHD, Autism Spectrum Disorders, and oppositional defiant
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Vaccine hesitancy can be defined as the ‘delay in acceptance or refusal of [the] vaccine despite the availability of vaccine services’.1 This was the focus of a recent study – perception and willingness of people to get the COVID-19 vaccine. The study included the US, Canada, the UK, Australia, and New Zealand. The four major
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